Ayurveda has a Holistic approach of Body, Mind & Soul. A person is said to be Healthy, when he possesses – in normal state – the Doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha – biological humors); Agni (Metabolic fire); Dhatus (Body tissues) and Malas (Waste products – urine, stool, sweat etc.) in his body & his Soul, Mind and Organs of Cognition and Conation are in perfect state of co ordination and his Mental disposition is in a Happy and Cheerful state.
Samadoshah samagnishcha samadhatu malakriyah I
Prasanna atmendriya manah swastha ityabhidhiyate II
When there is imbalance in the homeostasis of body, diseases manifest. There are three main causes of Illness:
Asatmendriyartha Samyoga: Excessive indulgence (ati yoga), hypo interaction (hina yoga) & perverse use (mithya yoga) of organs of conation and cognition – are the main causes of diseases. These cause excess of Vata which leads to imbalance, resulting in disease process.
Prajnaparadha: It is the volitional transgression or failure of intellect. This happens due to the excitement of doshas causing inequilibrium in the mind.
Parinama: Due to changes in environment, climate and age etc, there is imbalance of doshas.
Another important cause of disease is Vegavarodha i.e suppression of natural Urges eg urination, defaecation, hunger, sleep etc.
By being aware of & preventing the cause of disease one can not only heal oneself but also live a balanced and harmonious life.
Ayurveda’s motto is “Swasthasya swasthya rakshanama l Aturasya vikara prashamanam cha ll” i.e Maintaining the health of a healthy person and curing the disease of the ailing person.